Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center/Training Department (SEAFDEC/TD)

Improving of Fisheries Technology and Reduction of the Impact from Fishing


1 INTRODUCTION

Over the years, TD has initiated several projects/programs aiming to promote responsible fishing technology and practices, including reduction of the impact from fishing through improvement of onboard current fishing practice; develop deck machineries; and conduct practical research on fishing technology and fisheries marine engineering. This program covers a wide range of activities, implemented in collaboration with Department of Fisheries Thailand and other government agencies (e.g. Fish Marketing Organization of Thailand, National Agricultural Training Council – Malaysia, and Research Institute of Humanity and Nature – RIHN). The activities are included with technical assistances, research and development, sea trials, and demonstrations. Project activities have been implemented since 2014 under 3 main components;

  1. Promotion of appropriate technologies and practices of fishing and marine engineering;
  2. Fisheries research on impact of fishing practice to marine ecosystem; and
  3. Database for fisheries resources survey.

2 PROJECT

Goal /Overall Objectives

  • Dissemination of the appropriate technologies and practices to support sustainable utilization of coastal and marine fisheries resources including capture fisheries, marine engineering, and fishery information system
  • Strengthening the collaboration with relevant national, regional, and international agencies

Expected Outcomes/Outputs

Through the technology transfer and development, it is envisaged that capture process will be improved. In addition, coordination and collaboration with other relevant agencies on the issues related to fishing technology, marine engineering, fisheries information and database will also be strengthened.

Project Description

1. Promotion of appropriate technologies and practices of fishing and marine engineering

Series of activities have been focused on the promotion on appropriate technology and practices of fishing and marine engineering. Activities on energy saving in fishing emphasized on fishing gear design and standard energy auditing for shrimp trawlers in the Gulf of Thailand. The outputs include comprehensive scientific report of the result from the field test onboard trawlers. In order to investigate the impact of fishing gear and underwater structure of fishing gear, by-catch observation, productivity and quality of catch, sub-project activity, underwater camera system for observing fishing gear has been proposed and introduced to perform a limited scope study in partnership with relevant institute, agencies and private company to conduct field test and demonstrate the advantage of using underwater camera system, so-called CatchCam real-time video/lighting system as a sustainable productivity tool in Thai trawl fisheries. SEAFDEC/TD in collaboration with Department of Fisheries, Thailand has carried out the improvement of fishing port facilities in Rayong Province, eastern part of Gulf of Thailand. There are five (5) sub-activities under this program as follows;

Sub-Activity 1: Study on the energy use in fishing practices, i.e. low energy consumption trawl net (LEC-trawl), FAO Energy Audit for trawlers in the Gulf of Thailand

Sub-activity 2: Advanced sustainable technology: underwater camera system for observation fishing operation

Sub-activity 3: Manual for fishing technology

Sub-Activity 4: Fishing technology improvement to specific purposed, e.g. reducing man-power in fisheries, fish sampling, and etc.

Sub-Activity 5: Improvement on fishing port facilities


2. Fisheries research on impact of fishing practices to marine ecosystem

This program has been focused on impact of fishing practices to marine ecosystem. Activities have been jointly implemented by SEAFDEC, Department of Fisheries Thailand and relevant institute & agencies e.g. RIHN (Research Institute of Humanity and Nature), and Department of Marine Technology of Burapha University, aiming to monitor the change of bottom sediment around the set net area and monitoring discards and garbage in small-scale gillnet fisheries operating in the coastal area of Rayong Province. There are 2 Sub-activities under this program as follows;

Sub-Activity 1: Research on environmental impact from fishing operation.

Sub-Activity 2: Study on bycatch and discards from fishing operation.


3. Database for fisheries resources survey

SEAFDEC Training department in collaboration with Deep Sea Fisheries Technology Research and Development Institute (DFTRDI), Department of Fisheries, Thailand has developed database system for managing data from the cruise resource surveys. The activities aimed to harmonize data collection for the research cruise survey on fisheries resources between DFTRDI of Department of Fisheries, Thailand and SEAFDEC/TD. Since 2013, a series of workshop to develop a manual for data collection of the fisheries resources survey onboard research vessels (R/V Chulabhorn, R/V Mahidol, M.V. SEAFDEC, and M.V. SEAFDEC2). SEAFDEC/TD and DFTRDI has verified the systematic data collecting, data storage, manage and sharing in order to improve national database for data collection from the cruise survey of their national research vessels for future data compilation.

Sub-Activity 1: Development of database system for management of data from the cruise surveys

 

3 PROGRESS/ACHIEVEMENTS OF ACTIVITIES IN THE YEAR 2016 

Project Activities Title
Study on the energy use in fishing practices
  • Sea trial on reducing of energy use in trawlers – low energy consumption trawl net (LEC-trawl)
  • FAO Energy Audit for trawlers in the Gulf of Thailand
Advanced Sustainable Technology: Remotely Observation Vehicle and Underwater camera system for fishing operation observation
  • Report on the Testing the Installation of Camera Recorder GoPro Hero 3® to Observe the Fishes Escapement from Codend of Trawl Net in Trawling Operation
  • Final sea trial on improvement of Remotely Observation Vehicle
Manual for fishing technology
  • Technical Report on Modified Bottom Trawl Net (High Opening Characteristic) of Thailand
  • Manual for fishing gear survey
Improvement on fishing port facilities
Study on bycatch and discards from fishing operation
  • Study on Bycatch in Bottom Gillnet Fisheries along the Coast of Rayong Province, Thailand
Development of database system for management of data from the cruise surveys

4 Expected Outcomes/Outputs 

  1. Draft Plan of Project Energy Audit for trawlers in the Gulf of Thailand
  2. Proposal on the Study on Feasibility to improve Deck Machinery for Fisheries installed in Thai fishing vessels, socioeconomic and fishing technology perspective
  3. Memorandum of Understanding on the collaborative improvement on Remotely Observation Vehicle Phase-2 and Underwater camera system of SEAFDEC/TD for observing fishing operation.
  4. Progress report on Improvement on fishing port facilities.
  5. Report on deck machinery for fisheries installed in Thai fishing vessels
  6. Draft report on the discard and trash in bottom gillnet fisheries along the coast of Rayong Province
  7. Improved curriculum and activity report on the Human Resources Development on Specific Detail of Fisheries Management for Provincial and Port-In and Port-Out (PIPO) Officers
  8. Documents as reference for fishing technology for undergraduate student of Thailand
  9. Drafted report on the Study on Bycatch in Bottom Gillnet Fisheries along the Coast of Rayong Province, Thailand
  10. Progress report of the database system from the cruise surveys and improvement plan

 




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Contacts Address

Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center/Training Department
P.O.Box 97, Phasamutchedi Samut Prakan 10290, Thailand
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  +66 2425 6100
  +66 2425 6110 to 11