Background and Justification

Over the years, TD has initiated several projects/programs aiming to promote responsible fishing technology and practices, including reduction of the impact from fishing through improvement of onboard current fishing practice; develop deck machineries; and conduct practical research on fishing technology and fisheries marine engineering. This program covers a wide range of activities, implemented in collaboration with Department of Fisheries Thailand and other government agencies (e.g. Fish Marketing Organization of Thailand, National Agricultural Training Council – Malaysia, and Research Institute of Humanity and Nature – RINH, SmartCatch Co Ltd), including technical assistant, research and development, sea trial, and demonstration. Project activities implementing since 2014 include:

  1. Promotion of appropriate technologies and practices of fishing and marine engineering
    1. Sea trial on reduction of energy use in trawlers – low energy consumption trawl net
    2. Manual for fishing gear survey
    3. Improvement for fish landing facilities of the fishing port
    4. Advanced Sustainable Technology: Underwater camera system for observing trawl             net
    5. FAO Energy audit for trawlers in the Gulf of Thailand
  2. Fisheries research on impact of fishing practice to marine ecosystem
    1. Research on bottom sediment around set net area in Ban Phae, Rayong Province
    2. Coastal Capability Enhance in Southeast Asia: Study on Bycatch in Bottom Gillnet Fisheries along the Coast of Rayong Province, Thailand
  3. Database for fisheries resources survey
    1. Development of database system for management of data from the cruise surveys

 

Objectives

  1. Dissemination the appropriate technologies and practices to support sustainable utilization of coastal and marine fisheries resources including capture fisheries, marine engineering, and fishery information system.
  2. Strengthening the collaboration with relevant national, regional, and international agencies.

 

Activities

1.  Promotion of appropriate technologies and practices of fishing and marine engineering

Series of activity has been focused on promotion on appropriate technology and practices of fishing and marine engineering. Activities on energy saving in fishing emphasized on trawl net design and standard energy auditing for shrimp trawlers in the Gulf of Thailand. The outputs include comprehensive scientific report of the result from the field test onboard trawlers. In order to investigate the impact of fishing gear and underwater structure of fishing gear, by-catch observation, productivity and quality of catch, sub-project activity, Advanced Sustainable Technology: Underwater camera system for observing trawl net SmartCatch® has proposed to perform a limited scope study in partnership with SEAFDEC/TD to conduct field test and demonstrate the advantage of using underwater camera system, so-called CatchCam real-time video/lighting system as a sustainable productivity tool in Thai trawl fisheries. Five Sub-activities composed with.

Sub-Activity 1: Sea trial on reducing of energy use in trawlers – low energy consumption trawl net (LEC-trawl)

Sub-Activity 2: FAO Energy Audit for trawlers in the Gulf of Thailand

Sub-activity 3: Advanced Sustainable Technology: Underwater camera system for observing trawl net SmartCatch®

Sub-activity 4: Manual for fishing gear survey

Sub-Activity 5: Improvement on fishing port facilities.   


2.  Fisheries research on impact of fishing practices to marine ecosystem

This program has been focused on impact of fishing practices to marine ecosystem. Activities have been jointly implemented by SEAFDEC, EMDEC (Eastern Marine Research and Development Center, Department of Fisheries Thailand, stationed in Rayong Province), RINH (Research Institute of Humanity and Nature), and Department of Marine Technology of Burapha University, aiming to monitor the change of bottom sediment around the set net area and monitoring discard in small-scale gillnet fisheries operating in the coastal area of Rayong Province.

Sub-Activity 1: Research on bottom sediment around set net area in Ban Phae, Rayong Province

Sub-Activity 2: Study on Bycatch in Bottom Gillnet Fisheries along the Coast of Rayong Province, Thailand


3.  Database for fisheries resources survey

SEAFDEC Training department collaborated with Deep Sea Fisheries Technology Research and Development Institute (DFTRDI), Department of Fisheries, Thailand development of database system for management of data from the cruise resource surveys. The activities aimed to harmonize data collection for the research cruise survey on fisheries resources between DFTRDI of Department of Fisheries, Thailand and SEAFDEC/TD. Since 2013, a series of workshop to develop a manual for data collection of the fisheries resources survey onboard research vessels (R/V Chulabhorn, R/V Mahidol, M.V. SEAFDEC, and M.V. SEAFDEC2). SEAFDEC/TD and DFTRDI is verifying the systematic data collecting, data storage, manage and sharing in order to improve national database for data collection from the cruise survey of their national research vessels for future data compilation.

Sub-Activity 1: Development of database system for management of data from the cruise surveys

 

Achievements of  2015 the Project Implementation 

  1. Sea trial on reducing of energy use in trawlers – low energy consumption trawl net (LEC-trawl) 

  2. FAO Energy Audit for trawlers in the Gulf of Thailand

  3. Advanced Sustainable Technology: Underwater camera system for observing trawl net SmartCatch®

  4. Manual for fishing gear survey

  5. Improvement on fishing port facilities

  6. Research on bottom sediment around set net area in Ban Phae, Rayong Province

  7. Study on Bycatch in Bottom Gillnet Fisheries along the Coast of Rayong Province, Thailand

  8. Development of database system for management of data from the cruise surveys