Brief Project Description 

Currently, attempts of countries in the Southeast Asia have initiated to expand their fishing activities in the offshore areas in their respective EEZ where fisheries resources are still under-utilized as for the alternative fisheries resources. Over the years, SEAFDEC/TD has also initiated and provided technical supports to the Member Countries on the exploration of fishery resources in their EEZ through various programs of activities. During the past few years, TD organized a number of technical meetings, workshops and trainings related to fisheries resource exploration. The outputs from such activities could be referred to as references to facilitate development of the offshore fishery resources in the EEZ of the Member Countries.

Main activities under this project include training activities and technical supports from TD on offshore fisheries resources exploration in EEZ of the Member Countries through human resources capacity building programs including sea trial, and cruise survey of the Member Countries using M.V. SEAFDEC 2 and other research vessels. The project will also facilitate collaboration research survey in the area where fisheries resources, especially tuna resources such as yellowfin and skipjack, has being shared among the countries in Southeast Asia.


Background and Justification

This part included the problem analysis, baseline data and information (describe the underlying causes of the problem and the present situation), regionality, participation and beneficiaries. Include any related and relevant ASEAN-SEAFDEC Resolution, policies and plans of action

Over the past few years, a number of countries in the region have increased their interest to promote the exploration of offshore fisheries resources to reduce the pressure of over-exploited fisheries resources in near shore areas in their EEZ, at the same time to find alternative source of fisheries resources. This is in line with the Resolution and Plan of Action on Sustainable Fisheries for Food Security for the ASEAN Regional Towards 2020 as mentioned in the Plan of Action # 18 “Investigate the potential of under-utilized fisheries resources and promote their exploitation in a precautionary manner based upon analysis of the best available scientific information”. In this connection, this project will provide technical support to the Member Countries in exploring the under-utilized fisheries resources including offshore areas in their respective EEZ waters.

In this connection, SEAFDEC in close collaboration with the Member Countries has supported exploration of fishery/living resources in the EEZ of the countries in SEA. The overall aims of this project are to encourage Member Countries to collect the information on the offshore fishery resources in terms of research and training facilities using M.V. SEAFDEC2, and to build human resources capacity for offshore fishery resources exploration.


Project Overall Objectives and Activities

Objective 1 : 

     Activity 1 : Organization of the Regional Offshore Fisheries Research Resource Exploration and Human Resource Developing for Improving Fish Handling at Sea

Under the Activity 1, three sub-activities will be organized:

(i) Two (2) Technical meetings on the results of the tuna fisheries resources survey in Sulu and Sulawesi seas

As planned through a series of the technical meetings on tuna research in Sulu and Sulawesi Seas, preliminary results of M.V. SEAFDEC2 cruise survey on tuna resources in Sulu and Sulawesi Seas will be presented in 2015. Progress of the tuna research work as well as the future improvement of the project activities including land-based and the 2nd cruise survey of M.V.SEAFDEC2 will also be discussed at the meeting.

(ii) Regional (or Sub-regional) consultation to establish research survey for offshore fisheries resources in Southeast Asia Waters by utilization of M.V. SEAFDEC2

Regarding, the development of phase-2 activities to be implemented under this project between 2016 and 2017, the project will organize the regional (or sub-regional) consultation.

(iii) Regional training course on improvement of fish handling at sea.

Regarding last sub-activity, the series of training course on improvement of post-harvest fish handling will be continued for building human resources of the Member Countries on onboard fish handling techniques in order to enhance value addition to marine fishery products.


Objective 2 : 

     Activity 2 : Modification of the offshore sampling gears and technical project publications

In order to strengthen quality research survey on offshore fisheries resources, in particular, the tuna resource research survey in Sulu and Sulawesi Seas, continuation on modification of sampling gear used with M.V. SEAFDEC2 cruise survey will be carried out. A number of sampling gears will be redesigned. In order to promote value addition to marine fisheries products in Southeast Asian Region, promotional materials including with package(s) of technical handbooks and training reports on improvement of post-harvest fish handling will be disseminated through the project website.

    Activity 3 : Technical support of TD to the cruise survey

The activities includes support of the project to the collaborative research cruise on tuna stock assessment in Sulu and Sulawesi seas as already planned to be carried out in March 2015. It includes technical staff of TD joining the 2nd cruise survey using M.V. SEAFDEC2 in Sulu and Sulawesi seas, and other research vessels including cruise survey of Koyo-maru (training and research vessels of the National Fisheries University of Japan) in the EEZ of Southeast Asian Countries.


Achievements of  2015 the Project Implementation 

Project continued to provide technical support the process of implementation on the collaborative research activity on tuna stock assessment in Sulu and Sulawesi seas based on the sequence of the activities planned/adjusted by the working groups as agreed at the Sulu and Sulawesi seas meeting in 2014.

Preliminary Results of the Cruise Survey by M.V. SEAFDEC 2 Cruise No. 47-3/2014 and Cruise No. 48-1/2015 presented Oceanographic parameter, fish sampling for genetic research, result of fishing operation, FADs and hydroacoustic survey. The Cruise reports were published and disseminated to the participating countries and others

Project support human resource development on the tuna stock assessment in Sulu and Sulawesi seas based on historical data and landing data collection. Accepted stock assessment models of relevant RFMO e.g. WCPFC and IOTC are disseminate through the tuna stock study of invited resource person. Project also provided platform and maintained the mechanism for sharing data and support information sharing of the research survey in offshore areas of the Member Countries.

Project supported technical staff(s) of TD to participate the cruise survey in Sulu and Sulawesi seas based on the survey planning and arrangement of the cruise in their respective countries.

Reports of the meetings organized under the joint research on tuna stock assessment in Sulu and Sulawesi seas, were published and disseminated to the participating countries and others.

Principle and technology of fish handling at sea onboard fishing vessels was disseminated through the regional training course on fish handling techniques applicable to various fishing operation in Southeast Asia. Training courses provide (i) knowledge and skill on environmental/user friendly fish handling tools and simples, (ii) promote food safety and minimize post-harvest loss in catching, storing and transportation process, and (iii) ways forward to improve fish handling in assigned coastal and offshore fisheries cases in Southeast Asia Region.
 

      Activity 1 : Organization of the regional offshore fisheries research resources exploration and Human Resource Developing on Improvement of Post-harvest Fish Handling at sea

      Sub-activity 1.1 Working Groups Meeting and Technical Meeting on Joint Program on Tuna Research in Sulu and Sulawesi Seas

  • Data collection on Tuna from three (3) SSS Member Countries for study on stock assessment of tuna in Sulu and Sulawesi Seas
  • Agree on the appropriated stock assessment model for investigate tuna abundance in Sulu and Sulawesi Seas
  • Plan of the Second Working Group Meeting on Joint Program on Tuna Research in  Sulu and Sulawesi Seas
  • Final cruise plan for research activities in SSSs using M.V.SEAFDEC2 in the year 2015 adopted by Project’s Participating Countries

      Sub-activity 1.2 Regional training course on fish handling technique applicable to various fishing operation in Southeast Asia

  • Twenty One (21) participants enhance knowledge and practical skills on reduction of post-harvest losses
  • Strategies/ways forward to improve fish handling in assigned coastal and offshore fisheries cases in Southeast Asia

      Sub-activity 1.3 The Second Working Groups Meeting on Joint Program on Tuna Research in Sulu and Sulawesi Seas

  • Draft report (internal used only) Stock assessments of yellowfin tuna (Thunnus albacares), bigeye tuna (Thunnus obesus) and skipjack tuna (Katsuwonus pelamis) in Sulu and Sulawesi Seas by ASPIC*
  • Plan of the Joint Program on Tuna Research in  Sulu and Sulawesi Seas in Year 2016-2017
  • Cruise report on the first tuna research survey in SSSs using M.V.SEAFDEC2  from 17 October to 8 December 2015 (Post SW Monsoon)
  • Cruise report on the second tuna research survey in SSSs using M.V.SEAFDEC2  from 20 March to 13 May 2015 (Pre SW Monsoon)
  • Meeting report on the technical meeting and working group meeting 

 

      Activity 2 : Modification of the offshore sampling gears and technical project publications

      Sub-activity 2.1 Dissemination of the publications of Atlas of Early Stage Fish in Japan

      Human resource development on the Larvae identification for SEAFDEC Member Countries. 

 

      Activity 3 : Technical support of TD to the cruise survey

     Sub-activity 3.1 TD staffs onboard cruise survey M.V. SEAFDEC 2 No. 48-1/2015  from 20 March to 13 May 2015

      M.V.SEAFDEC 2  Cruise Survey on Tuna Research Survey in Sulu and Sulawesi Seas on 20 March – 13 May 2015

      
      Sub-activity 3.2  Staffs of TD and FiA, Cambodia participate onboard training and research cruise survey

      Joint Shipboard Training and Research onboard Training Vessel Koyo Maru in Cambodia Waters


Achievements of  2016 the Project Implementation 

Project has objective to provide technical support the process of implementation on the collaborative research activity on tuna stock assessment in Sulu and Sulawesi seas based on the sequence of the activities planned/adjusted by the working groups as agreed at the Sulu and Sulawesi seas meeting in 2014.

In the year 2015, Working Groups Meeting and Technical Meeting on Joint Program on Tuna Research in Sulu and Sulawesi Seas from 10 to 11 February 2015, at Secretariat office of SEAFDEC, Bangkok, Thailand, was organized in collaboration between project implementing partners, i.e. SEAFDEC/SEC, MFRDMD, TD, and Participating Countries. Results of meeting are the progress report of survey activities implemented by the IMP-Countries on data collected at the selected landing sites. Historical data of tuna landing has reported to Tuna stock assessment expert, Dr. Tsutomu Nishida. He also provided suggestion to prepare further historical data and initiate the communication with stock assessment working.

In order to follow up the agreement of Working Groups Meeting and Technical Meeting on Joint Program on Tuna Research in Sulu and Sulawesi Seas conducted from 10-11 February 2015, SEAFDEC in collaboration IMP-Countries convened had organized the Second Working Groups Meeting Joint Program on Tuna Research in Sulu and Sulawesi Seas at Davao City, the Philippines, from 25 to 27 August 2015.

The outputs of meeting are progress of project implementation on the study of Stock assessment; tuna spawning ground; tuna genetic; and Fish Aggregating Devices (FADs). Drafted technical document of tuna stock assessment by using historical data in Sulu and Sulawesi Seas were presented by Dr. Tsutomu Nishida. SEAFDEC/TD presented cruise report of M.V.SEAFDEC 2 on the second joint research survey on tuna research in Sulu and Sulawesi Seas. Meeting finalized the possible future activities for implementation of Joint Program on Tuna Research in Sulu and Sulawesi Seas. Follow up activities is the Report to the PCM (Program Committee Meeting) on Nov.23-25, 2015 in Manila, the Philippines and Council Meeting, April 2016, Vietnam. Meeting also agrees to convene the Writeshop to summarize research studies, tentatively in August 2016 at Indonesia. However with the delay on progress of data analysis i.e. nutrient, DNA, larvae identification and fisheries resources abundance by using scientific echo sounder. The Writeshop will be delay to early of January 2017.

Project has supported the human resource development on the fisheries resources survey in Southeast Asia Waters. SEAFDEC in collaboration with National Fisheries University-Japan (NFU) and Fisheries Administration of Cambodia will conduct the fisheries Joint Research and Training Cruise in the Area Under Jurisdiction of Cambodian Waters for 2016 by Training Ship Koyo Maru, in November 2016. Seven (7) trainees from Fisheries Administrative of Cambodia and three (3) SEAFDEC/TD researchers participated with cruise survey. Scientific reports will be written and distributed to the public in year 2019.

In parallel with the promotion on sustainable resources utilization, JTF has being supported the responsible practices on fish handling technology at sea since 2013. The Regional Training Course on Fish Handling Techniques Applicable to Various Fishing Operations in Southeast Asia organized by Training Department of SEAFDEC, from 22 to 26 August 2016, at Samut Prakan, Thailand. Regional training course has extended the appropriate environmental friendly fish handling tools and simple techniques applicable to maintain quality of the catch. Awareness building on the reduction of post-harvest losses for fisheries and promote food safety and minimize post-harvest losses in catching, storing and transportation process of the fish, had also major part of regional training course.