Brief Project Description

In the Southeast Asian countries, the major concerns on fisher well-being are focus on the poverty and safety at sea. Human well-being of fishers has been degraded by the less concern on safety of fisher at sea. Less of budget, concern and appropriated regulation as well as effective monitoring process by responsible agencies are significant hindrance on the strengthen safety at sea for fishers in Southeast Asian Region.

In the capturing process, the fuel cost obviously takes up majority of operational cost and directly decrease income of fisherman. The major concerns on the use of energy include over-power of the main engine, heavy construction of wooden hull structure, less maintenance of the engine and machineries, and inappropriate fishing operations/practices. In the capturing process, the fuel cost takes up majority of operational cost, but we cannot find any alternative source of energy in near future. With reference to the global concern on the climate change that includes the reductions of greenhouse gases, either by reducing the source of pollutes. This project deals with fuel efficiency measures that require minimum modification of their existing equipment to optimize energy using for fishing operation. It is therefore, the main activities under the project include transferring appropriate ways to optimize the use of energy for the fishing vessels. It also includes adjustment/improvement of current practices of the vessels. Awareness building on the safety at sea for fisher includes the improvement of living and working conditions onboard to ensure that human well-being of fishers will be strengthened.

In this connection, this project aims at transferring appropriate and applicable technology and knowledge to fishers and fisheries officials in order to optimize energy use in fishing activities and improve safety at sea for fishing vessels especially on small scale fisheries.


Background and Justification

With regard to optimizing energy and safety at sea issues, the following paragraphs provide the reference to the ASEAN-SEAFDEC Resolution and Plan of Action 2020.

Resolution:

#12 Support ASEAN efforts to promote low carbon development by minimizing the contribution of the fisheries sector to green-house gas emissions, with emphasis on promoting energy efficiency and use of alternative energy sources

# 13 Improve the working conditions of people engaged in fisheries activities, and strengthen measures for safety of fishing vessels taking into consideration regional specificity

# 15 Increase the efficient use of the alternative energy and reduce the use of carbon fossil energy by using appropriate fishing gear and fishing boats designs in fishing operation.

Plan of Action – Fisheries Management:

# 20 Adjust existing programs to take into consideration the effects of climate change, focusing on the programs for (i) managing fisheries and habitats; (ii) reducing fishing capacity and combating Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated (IUU) fishing; (iii) strengthening local organizations; and (iv) promoting safety at sea and other priority areas. Develop indicators and reporting measures to assess how actions           of the programs build resilience to climate change

# 30 Strengthen efforts to address safety at sea, including considerations of working conditions and socio-economic development, and ensure that these considerations are addressed by all concerned authorities while improving monitoring and control of the status of conditions, especially on small fishing boats

 

Project Overall Objectives and Activities

Objective : 

The objectives of the project are to promote the transfer of appropriate knowledge, and enhance the awareness of stakeholders on optimizing energy use in fishing activities and promote safety at sea for small fishing vessels in the ASEAN Member States.

     Activity 1 : Regional and national training on optimizing energy and safety at sea for fishing vessels

                   A series of activities to promote the optimization of energy use and safety at sea for fishing vessels has been carried out. The project organized the regional training workshops, in collaboration with FAO and other technical agencies, on optimizing energy use and safety at sea for small fishing vessels since 2011 to compile existing international documents (guidelines, handbooks, handouts, etc.) on optimizing energy and safety at sea.

                   Subsequently, the project translated international guideline, national guidelines, and other relevant training materials to the national languages. Such training materials have been used for onsite training program to enhance awareness of fishers and fisheries officials (to further transfer the knowledge) for fuel efficiency and safety at sea for the fishing vessels.

     Activity 2 : Information dissemination

                   Revision of the current handbook and promotional materials will be made. Moreover, major outputs from the implementation of project activities and their progress will be disseminated to the Member Countries and other relevant agencies through website, training and promotional materials, etc. The outputs from this activity could also be used as the regional reference for optimizing energy and safety at sea for fishing vessels in the Member Countries.

 

Achievements of  2015 the Project Implementation 

Project continued to provide technical support the process of implementation on the collaborative research activity on tuna stock assessment in Sulu and Sulawesi seas based on the sequence of the activities planned/adjusted by the working groups as agreed at the Sulu and Sulawesi seas meeting in 2014.

Preliminary Results of the Cruise Survey by M.V. SEAFDEC 2 Cruise No. 47-3/2014 and Cruise No. 48-1/2015 presented Oceanographic parameter, fish sampling for genetic research, result of fishing operation, FADs and hydroacoustic survey. The Cruise reports were published and disseminated to the participating countries and others

Project support human resource development on the tuna stock assessment in Sulu and Sulawesi seas based on historical data and landing data collection. Accepted stock assessment models of relevant RFMO e.g. WCPFC and IOTC are disseminate through the tuna stock study of invited resource person. Project also provided platform and maintained the mechanism for sharing data and support information sharing of the research survey in offshore areas of the Member Countries.

Project supported technical staff(s) of TD to participate the cruise survey in Sulu and Sulawesi seas based on the survey planning and arrangement of the cruise in their respective countries.

Reports of the meetings organized under the joint research on tuna stock assessment in Sulu and Sulawesi seas, were published and disseminated to the participating countries and others.

Principle and technology of fish handling at sea onboard fishing vessels was disseminated through the regional training course on fish handling techniques applicable to various fishing operation in Southeast Asia. Training courses provide (i) knowledge and skill on environmental/user friendly fish handling tools and simples, (ii) promote food safety and minimize post-harvest loss in catching, storing and transportation process, and (iii) ways forward to improve fish handling in assigned coastal and offshore fisheries cases in Southeast Asia Region.

Sub-activity 1.1 : Training on Optimizing Energy and Safety at Sea for Small Fishing Vessels in Cambodia, 29 September to 1 October 2015

On-site training program on optimizing energy and safety at sea for small fishing vessels was  organized in Cambodia from 29 September to 1 October 2015 at Prek Sihanoukville, Kingdom of Cambodia. Resource persons of the training and Marine Engineering staffs of SEAFDEC/TD and invited experts from FRA/Japan.

Sub-activity 2.1 : Information dissemination

There are one Hundred (100) translated optimizing energy and safety at sea for small fishing vessels guidelines copies published by SEAFDEC/TD. Sixty (60) set have been disseminated during the onsite training in Cambodia.  The remain copies can support to the national program of Cambodia in related training of optimizing energy and safety at sea for small fishing vessels.


Achievements of  2016 the Project Implementation

On-site training program on optimizing energy and safety at sea for small fishing vessels was organized in Cambodia from 20 to 22 September to 2016 in Preh Sihanouk province, Kingdom of Cambodia. The training was carried out by resource persons from Fishery Engineering of SEAFDEC Training Department.

Network of stakeholders in coastal provinces of SEAFDEC Member Countries both countries level and regional has been strengthened. The advance technology on optimizing energy and safety at sea for small fishing vessels are able to distribute through the network.