The SEAFDEC Training Department (SEAFDEC/TD) in collaboration with the U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) organized the “Online workshop on EAFM management tools” from 20 to 24 July 2020. There were sixteen cores SEAFDEC/TD staff (7 males and 9 females) who are EAFM trainers participated in this online workshop. The online workshop consisted of five (5) sessions as follows; 1) management tools to address core ecological issues, 2) management tools to address core governance issues, 3) management tools to address core human issues, 4) working with scenarios and bringing it all together, and 5) updated SEAFDEC Essential Ecosystem Approach to Fisheries Management (E-EAFM). In the end, it came up with a finalized version of the management tool booklet through increased effectiveness of core SEAFDEC/TD staff to technically support ASEAN Member States in (AMSs) EAFM implementation and management activities.
The SEAFDEC Training Department (SEAFDEC/TD) organized the “Teleseminar on Effective Methods to Promote Fisheries Resources Management in Small scale Fisheries” on 29 June 2020. The Teleseminar aims to share information and experience on effective approaches to fisheries resources management in small-scale fisheries to ensure the effective implementation of similar projects in the future. There were 65 participants (38 male and 27 women) attended in this Teleseminar.
This Teleseminar presented the results and outputs of implementation activities under the projects to promote the fisheries resources management of small-scale fisheries in Southeast Asia. The projects have conducted the activities in the selected pilot sites of Lao PDR and Cambodia to support the fishing communities in strengthening the capacity to manage the fishery resources by the community themselves. Moreover, the projects also focus to introduce the alternative job to improve the income of the fishers for better livelihood. There are various kinds of approaches and methods of fisheries management that were implemented in the project area of two (2) countries. After the project end in 2019, the fishing communities were strengthened and could continue to conduct the activities on fisheries resources management.
SEAFDEC/TD in collaborative with DOF/Thailand has conducted the workshop to develop the Ecosystem Approach to Fisheries Management (EAFM) plan for Wang Chin District, Phrea Province. The workshop was hold during 24-25 June 2020 at Baan Pang Ngun, Wang Chin District, Phrea Province. Representatives from SEAFDEC/TD provided technical support in applying the problem tree analysis to identify the problems/issues which occur in the area and further develop the EAFM plan for Wang Chin District. The participants were composed of the key fishers and government officers from seven (7) Sub-Districts as well as the local government such as Fisheries Provincial Office, Inland Fisheries Patrol Northern Regional Center (Phitsanulok), Phrae Provincial Agricultural Extension Office, Sub-District Administrative Organization, and Local Fisher Organization. The participants in the workshop is totally 35 persons (25 males, 10 females).
During the workshop participants were actively discussed. The specific problems/issues were identified and prioritized. The main problems that found in the area are the environment degradation, insufficient enforcement, and less income of the communities. Further dealing with these issues and problems, the EAFM plan for the district was developed. The plan is composed of the vision, goals, objectives, indicators & benchmarks, and management actions. In this regard, the EAFM vision for Wang Chin District, Phrae province is “Abundant of forest areas and water resources and the people well-being based on the philosophy of sufficiency economy under the participation of communities and relevance sectors”.
SEAFDEC/TD conducted a preliminary inspection of the fish passage construction at the Hauy Wang Chang Weir in Sangkom District, Udonthani Province, Thailand from 12 to 15 June 2020. The fish passage was constructed under the project of “Implementing the Lower Mekong Fish Passage Initiative in Cambodia, Thailand, and Viet Nam” supported by USAID – DOI. The inspection was intended to evaluate the performance of the fish passage during the rainy season right after it was constructed. The water flow, endurance of crushed stone bottom of the exit channel, and efficiency to allow fish to migrate up-stream were observed. Moreover, the crushed stone bottom was firmly fixed and did not sink or slid away from the original layout. Even though it was only an initial observation, the seven fish species (i.e., Labriobarbus siamensis, Trichohodus pectoralis, Mystus mysticetus, Esomus longimana, Rasbora spilocerca, Channa striata, and Rasbora aurotaenia) which were sampled after two days indicated the efficiency of the fish passage. On the other hand, the water way beside the fish passage that serve as ramp for small fishes should be improved.
Fish passage, also known as a fish ladder fishway, or fish steps, is a structure on or around artificial and natural barriers (such as dams, locks and waterfalls) to facilitate diadromous fishes' natural migration as well as movements of potamodromous species. Most fishways enable fish to pass around the barriers by swimming and leaping up a series of relatively low steps (hence the term ladder) into the waters on the other side. The velocity of water falling over the steps has to be great enough to attract the fish to the ladder, but it cannot be so great that it washes fish back downstream or exhausts them to the point of inability to continue their journey upriver.
The SEAFDEC Training Department (SEAFDEC/TD) welcomed thirty-two students (10 males and 22 females) from the Faculty of Fisheries, Kasetsart University who learned in the subject of Coastal Navigation including two (2) lecturers for a study visit on 13 March 2020. The aim of visiting was to increase knowledge and experience through practiced on coastal navigation outside the study room. The introduction of SEAFDEC and Departments was presented as a promotion of organization activities in the region. The students also had a chance of visiting TD facilities such as the fishing workshop, library, and M.V.SEAFDEC 2. Moreover, skip boat control was practiced for all students in Chao Phraya River undertook care and assisted by SEAFDEC staff.