Brief Project Description 

To fulfill the needs of the Member Countries, region, sub-regional initiatives on research survey for fisheries resources stock status in their specific areas, the outputs from the survey include cruise report of the survey, technical documents related to fisheries resource stock status, and other specific requirements. It is expected that the results from the survey could facilitate the establishment and implementation of comprehensive policy for sustainable management and development of capture fisheries.

To accomplish the activities as mentioned above, TD works in close collaboration with the Member Countries and other significant partners at national, sub-regional, and regional levels. M.V. SEAFDEC 2 focuses on three major specific areas: (i) fisheries research and training; (ii) oceanographic survey; and (iii) onboard navigation and marine engineering training. Over the years, the M.V. SEAFDEC 2 has been used for the survey of the fisheries resources in EEZs of the Member Countries. The vessel will also be used to implement the training programs.


Background and Justification

In 2002, the Government of Japan approved the construction of a fishery research and training vessel – M.V. SEAFDEC 2 for conducting fishery resource and oceanographic surveys and training in coastal ASEAN waters, along with procurement of the requisite fishing gear, fishing machinery, and survey equipment. Subsequently, the construction of a research vessel, M.V. SEAFDEC 2, was completed in 2003. Since 2004, research survey on fisheries stock, exploration of fisheries resources, testing of sampling gears, fishery oceanography, and other activities related to marine capture fisheries were conducted by M.V. SEAFDEC 2 in collaboration with the Member Countries. In a broader sense, the achievement of M.V. SEAFDEC 2 includes strengthen technical cooperation for effective fisheries and environmental management in the ASEAN region through the enhancement of research capability.

Due to increased operational cost for using M.V. SEAFDEC 2 that mainly caused by increased fuel price, the 40th Meeting of SEAFDEC Council (2009) agreed that the country that request to use M.V. SEAFDEC 2 should be responsible for the cost incurred by the vessel. Since 2010, the modified cost-sharing policy was therefore applied that fuel consumption of the vessel for the entire duration of the research/survey including cursing to and back to the requesting country will be responsible by the requested country (s).

At the 45th Meeting of the Council of SEAFDEC (2013) SEAFDEC/TD proposed some revisions of the Guidelines on the cost sharing policy for operation of the M.V.SEAFDEC 2. The results was that sharing of data collected from the cruise survey using M.V. SEAFDEC 2 should be finalized at the planning meeting before the cruise survey between the requesting country and SEAFDEC. Such basic data will be kept confidential and to be used only for the SEAFDEC regional database and for future regional analysis.


Project Overall Objectives and Activities

Objective :

  1. Member Countries are able to conduct fisheries resource surveys (i.e. fishing trials and demonstration, oceanographic and hydro-acoustic surveys) in their respective jurisdictions; and
     
  2. Capacity of human resources of Member Countries is enhanced during the surveys on-board the M.V. SEAFDEC 2 (e.g. fish preservation techniques, fish sampling and species identification) based on the request and requirements of concerned countries.

     Activity 1 : Tuna Fisheries Resources Survey in Sulu and Sulawesi Seas

M.V. SEAFDEC Cruise No.48-1/2015 scheduled from 20 March to 13 May 2015. This cruise survey was the second cruise for the Joint Research Program on Tuna Resources Survey in the Sulu and Sulawesi Seas within the EEZ of Indonesia, Malaysia and Philippines. The scope of the survey activities were includes the following:

  1. Research on tuna early life history using fish larvae sampling net and Bongo net in the near shore and off shore of the SSS, in order to determine the relative abundance and species composition of the fish larvae;
  2. Oceanographic survey using the Conductivity-Temperature and Depth (CTD) attached with other sensors, namely: pH, DO, Fluorescence, among others;
  3. Use of scientific hydro-acoustic during the track survey; and
  4. Scanning sonar survey on the FADs, and fish sampling by “short” Pelagic longline, Hand line and Trolling line

The cruise survey was separated into 3 legs, sixty-two (62) survey stations for oceanographic survey stations and hydro-acoustic tracks. Ocenographic survey that conduct by collecting larvae and plankton, using Bongo net, neuston net, and environment parameters are collected by CTD. FADs in the SSSs had been observed and recorded along the hydro-acoustic tracks. The determining the species compositions and size of fish caught at FADs using appropriate fishing gear e.g. ”short” Pelagic longline, trolling, and hand line fishing.

 

     Activity 2 : Demersal Fisheries Resources Survey in Malaysia Waters

The overall goal of the program is to provide updated scientific findings on the status of demersal fisheries resources and marine environment in Malaysia Waters. The survey focused on 1) Demersal species sampling: bottom otter board trawl 2) Oceanographic survey: CTD (water sampling), Bongo(Plankton) net (Phyto-Zoo Plankton sampling), Smith-Mcintyre Grab (Sediment sampling), total lipid & fatty acid sampling, petroleum hydro-carbon sampling, Temperature Depth Sensor (TD), and current indicator etc. Numbers of sampling stations and fishing gear survey are as follows: 1)  Bottom otter board Trawl: 196 stations 2) Oceanographic survey: 81 stations

                 

Achievements of  2015 the Project Implementation 

Cruise survey of M.V. SEAFDEC2 was conducted in collaboration with the participating countries. Course sharing policy was applied that fuel consumption of the vessel for the entire duration of the research/survey including cursing to and back to the requesting country will be responsible by the requested country (s). In single country, Malaysia, cost of opetatpion had been apply from Malaysia governments

      Activity 1 : Tuna Fisheries Resources Survey in Sulu and Sulawesi Seas

              Overall result from three survey sub-trips are sixty three (63) oceanographic survey operations by CTD, Bongo net, and Neuston net. Six (6) fishing operations are conducted by “short” Pelagic longline. Sixty two (62) acoustic tracks, approximately 3,231 nm are recorded of fisheries resource abundance by hydro acoustic equipment.


      Activity 2 : Demersal Fisheries Resources Survey in Malaysia Waters

              Overall result from three survey sub-trips are 191 trawl fishing operation and 50 Oceanographic survey operations by 1) Demersal species sampling: bottom otter board trawl 2) Oceanographic survey: CTD (water sampling), Bongo(Plankton) net (Phyto-Zoo Plankton sampling), Smith-Mcintyre Grab (Sediment sampling), total lipid & fatty acid sampling, petroleum hydro-carbon sampling, Temperature Depth Sensor (TD), and current indicator etc.


Achievements of the Project Implementation 

Cruise survey of M.V. SEAFDEC 2 was conducted in collaboration with the participating countries. Course sharing policy was applied that fuel consumption of the vessel for the entire duration of the research/survey including cruising to and back to the requesting country will be responsible by the requested country (s). In single country, Malaysia, cost of operation had been applied from Malaysia governments.