A study on the source of marine debris had exposed that plastic materials are the most common debris making up to 89.9 % (https://www.ospar.org) and the term ‘Microplastics’ which was introduced in the mid-2000s refers to plastic particles that are smaller than 5.0 mm in size (UN Environment Programme, 2021)

Marine debris and Microplastics are one of the most serious global issues due to its durability that could persist for years. The physical effects of plastic debris have been clearly demonstrated in marine organisms, like for example, incidence of entanglement, suffocation, and disruption of digestion in birds, fishes, mammals, turtles, and the like.